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You will also find willow pieces that are unmarked. You learn by looking, reading, touching and feeling the piece.

After awhile you’ll be able to look at a piece and know it’s old or new.

Cheap wares included dinner services, tea and coffee sets, wash sets, smoker sets, vases, cheese wheels etc. Many patterns made between 18 were registered with the Patent Office in London, and exhibit a datable registration mark on the reverse.

As the middle class exploded in England there was a demand for these cheap wares which originally were made to imitate the more expensive Chinese exports. Most transferware, an estimated 90%, was made in the Staffordshire county of England, but it was also produced in other areas of Great Britain such as Leeds, Liverpool, Swansea and Scotland. Transferware first started appearing on the market in the late 18th century, and exploded in popularity in the 1820s and 1830s. Transferware made between 18 usually has ‘England’ printed on the back. There are numerous references in print, and of course there is the TCC Pattern Data Base, with thousands of patterns shown with information on the maker, date, etc. Restoration may or may not, although a perfect piece is usually the most sought after.

It was in this climate that the standard willow pattern was first produced on pearlware at the Spode factory c.1790.

It was produced on dinnerware and was marked with impressed and printed marks.

The smaller factories purchased their copper plates from independent engravers. You see floral to landscapes to other Chinese elements.

By 1830, there were about 200 makers of underglaze blue willow in England. Sometimes people will call anything that is blue and white, willow..includes popular patterns like Spode’s Tower, Delft, etc. The easiest way to determine if a piece is old or new is to see if the piece is marked.

The porcelain tea services and dinnerware were purchased at auction by Chinamen (dealers in china) in London and sold to their wealthy customers.

Toward the end of the 19th century, other countries followed suit, and by 1905 the Buffalo Pottery in the USA began making standard willow pattern using the transfer printing method. Just because it’s blue and white does not mean it’s willow. If it has a manufacturer’s mark, that is very helpful.

You can look up these marks in several different books that cover marks. If the country of origin is named in the mark (England, for example) the piece is dated 1891 or later. Beginner collectors will find it difficult to determine the age of pieces, simply because they have not had the chance to see a big variety of different pieces.

Value is determined by a variety of factors including: demand, date, quality of the printing, and rarity. And a rare pattern or form may be extremely valuable even if damaged.

The willow pattern is an oriental pattern, most often seen in blue and white, that features common elements from manufacturer to manufacturer.

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